Myths & Truths About Breast Cancer


Misconceptions and incorrect information about breast cancer can cause women more anxiety than necessary. So, let's debunk some of the most common myths about breast cancer.


对乳癌的误解和不正确的信息会导致女性出现不必要的焦虑,所以今天就让我们一起破解这些关于乳癌的常见误解吧!



If I do not have a family history of breast cancer, I will not get it.

家族没有乳癌的病史,所以我不会患上乳癌。


Fact: Only about 5% to 10% of breast cancers are thought to be hereditary. Lifestyle and environmental factors can have an impact on breast cancer risk.


事实:遗传性乳癌仅占大约5%至10%,生活习惯和环境因素可能提高患上乳癌风险。



The bigger the breast, the higher the risk of getting breast cancer.

胸部越大,患上乳癌的几率越高。


Fact: Having large breasts or small breasts do not affect your risk for developing breast cancer. Breast cancer develops in the cells that line ducts or lobules. Women of all breast sizes have the same amount of these.


事实:乳房的大小不会影响患上乳癌的风险。乳腺癌主要是发生在乳腺组织上,无论乳房大小,腺体的数量都是一样的。



Under-wired bra, antiperspirant and powder can cause breast cancer.

有铁丝支撑的胸罩, 止汗剂和爽身粉可能导致乳癌。


Fact: There is no scientific evidence to show that any of these can cause breast cancer.


事实:没有任何科学证据显示这些用品会导致乳癌。



If you have no symptoms in your breasts, it means you do not have breast cancer.

胸部如果没有出现症状就表示没有患上乳癌。


Fact: Many people diagnosed with breast cancer have no symptoms. In addition to self-examinations and annual breast exams, you should have regular mammograms if you fall in the recommended age range for screening.


事实:多数乳腺癌患者早期症状不明显。除了定期自我检查之外,女性一旦达到一定年龄就应该定期进行乳房X光检查。



Breast cancer only occurs in middle age women.

只有中年妇女才会患上乳癌。


Fact: Breast cancer can occur at any age. The risk of breast cancer increases as we grow older.


事实:任何年龄的女性都有可能患上乳癌,而患上乳癌的风险会随着年龄而增加。



Radiation from mammogram can cause breast cancer.

乳房X光检查过程所释放的辐射可能导致乳癌。


Fact: The risk of harm from radiation exposure through mammogram is very low. The benefits of early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in reducing mortality outweighs the risk of the small dose of radiation received during a mammogram.


事实:乳房X光检查基本上是利用低量的X光对乳房进行检查。乳房X光检查对妇女的益处,远远超越X光辐射所可能带来的危害。



Finding a lump in your breast means you have breast cancer.

乳房有肿块就是乳癌。


Fact: Not all lumps in the breast are cancer. However, if you discover a persistent lump in your breast or notice any changes in breast tissue, it should never be ignored.


事实:并非所有的乳房肿块都是癌症的迹象。而若您发现乳房有硬块或不寻常的变化,应该立即就医。



Men do not get breast cancer.

男性不会患上乳癌。


Fact: While breast cancer is more common in women than men, there is still a possibility for men to get breast cancer.


事实:乳癌虽然较常见于女性,但男性仍有患上乳癌的可能。当然,男性患上乳癌的可能性远远低于女性。



Mastectomy (surgical removal of the whole breast) is the only way to treat breast cancer.

切除整个乳房的手术是治疗乳癌的唯一方法。


Fact: When the cancer is detected early, only the cancerous area needs to be surgically removed. This means the rest of the breast is preserved. Therefore, mastectomy is not the only option.


事实:如果癌症在初期阶段就被诊断,只有出现癌细胞的部位及周围的部分组织需要被切除。这表示乳房的其他部位将不受影响。因此乳房切除手术不是唯一的选择。



Breast cancer is contagious.

乳癌可能传染。


Fact: Breast cancer is due to a change in the cells and not due to virus/bacteria, therefore it is not contagious.


事实:乳癌的产生是基于细胞变化所导致的,同病毒和细菌无关,所以并不会传染。

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